Curriculum Expectations

Overall Expectations:

C1. Analyse the economic and environmental advantages and disadvantages of an artificial selection technology, and evaluate the impact of environmental changes on natural selection and endangered species;

C2. Investigate evolutionary processes, and analyse scientific evidence that supports the theory of evolution;

C3. Demonstrate an understanding of the theory of evolution, the evidence that supports it, and some of the mechanisms by which it occurs.

Specific Expectations:

C1. Relating Science to Technology, Society, and the Environment

By the end of this course, students will:

C1.2 evaluate the possible impact of an environmental change on natural selection and on the vulnerability of species (e.g., adaptation to
environmental changes can affect reproductive success of an organism) [AI, C]

C2. Developing Skills of Investigation and Communication

By the end of this course, students will:

C2.1 use appropriate terminology related to evolution, including, but not limited to: extinction, natural selection, phylogeny, speciation, niche,
mutation, mimicry, adaptation, and survival of the fittest [C]

C2.2 use a research process to investigate some of the key factors that affect the evolutionary process (e.g., genetic mutations, selective
pressures, environmental stresses) [IP, PR]

C2.3 analyse, on the basis of research, and report on the contributions of various scientists to modern theories of evolution (e.g., Charles Lyell,
Thomas Malthus, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Charles Darwin, Stephen Jay Gould, Niles Eldredge) [IP, PR, AI, C]

C3. Understanding Basic Concepts

By the end of this course, students will:

C3.1 explain the fundamental theory of evolution, using the evolutionary mechanism of natural selection to illustrate the process of biological change over time

C3.3 define the concept of speciation, and explain the process by which new species are formed

C3.4 describe some evolutionary mechanisms (e.g., natural selection, artificial selection, sexual selection, genetic variation, genetic drift, biotechnology), and explain how they affect the evolutionary development and extinction of various species (e.g., Darwin’s finches, giraffes, pandas)

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